¢xAncient Ming Tombs¢xAn-Ping Settlement¢xArtillery Fortifications¢xBuddhistMonasteries¢xCity God Temple¢xCity Walls & Gates¢xConfucian Temple¢xFamily Shrines¢xForeign Merchant Houses¢xFort Provintia¢xFort Zeelandia¢xHistorical Wells¢xHistorical Western Style Architecture¢xHouses & Gardens¢xKoxinga's Shrine¢xMartial Temples¢xMedical God Temples¢xMemorial Stone Gates¢xPantheon of Universal Deities¢xPresbyterian Architecture¢xTemple of the Five Concubines¢xTemples of Heavenly Holy Mother¢xTemples of Supreme Emperor of Dark Heaven¢xVegetarian Halls¢x
In the history of Chinese, Confucianism plays a significant role. In major cities, there are Confucian temples with official worship. The Tainan Confucian Temple, Chuan Tai Shou Hsueh, is the most complete one in layout. The son of Koxinga, Chen Yung-Hua built the temple in 1665 and named it Hsien-Shih Sheng-Miao (Holy Temple of the great teacher) with a Kuo-Hsueh (National School) on the premises. In 1683, the dynasty of Ching, the temple was enlarged and reconstructed. Several renovations had been executed in three hundred years. Today in Taiwan, Confucian Temple is listed as the Grade historical landmark with the most traditional architectural heritage.
As for the structure of Confucian Temple, Pan-kung Fang is located to the east and Pan Chin to the south of the compound. There is the famous stone inscribed "all" officials, Soldiers, and Civilians off the House" standed in 1687 in front of the entrance of Tung Ta-Cheng Fong. Temple and school and located side by side facing the front yard of the compound the former on the right, the latter on the left. There is Li-Men (Gate of Rites) and Yi-Lu (the Path of Righteousness) in front of the temple. Ta-Cheng Men is the main entrance of the building. The shrines for officials, local worthies, and filial sons are beside the gate. The main hall I Ta-Cheng Tien (Hall of Great Achievement), followed by rooms for ritual implements and musical instruments. There is Chung-Sheng Tzu behind the main hall flanked by the library and Yi-Cheng Shu Yen.
Confusian Temple is the best historical preservation in Tainan for its great structure and traditional heritage by now.
Yu-Lu (the emperor path) is a ramp at the central axis connected with the ground of Ta-Cheng Tien, Decorated with dragon and Chin Chi Shu Hua (lute, Chinese Chess, Book and painting), the Yu-Lu can be walk by the emperor and new candidates during the sacrifice to Confucius is held only. The one-wall stand eight lions surround the platform. Every lions has it gesture. Tsu's head is used as the gutter.
The spirit table of Confucian is in the central altar with twelve of his disciples at separate tables. The most famous wooden tablet hung along the roof is "Wan Shih Biao (greatest Teacher for all ages) written by Kang-His Emperor.
At Tung-Wu and Si-Wu, Ancient scholars are worshipped. The ancestors of Confucius are worshipped at the Tsung-Sheng Tzu. The temple preserved many valued stone tablets and artifacts also. Twice a year, sacrifices are held one on vernal equinox, the other on Sep.28. There are another county Confucian Temple the constructed in 1684 and demolished during Japanese days.
Ju Te Chih Men (Gate to Virtue) is the gate to the school. Main hall of the school is Min Lung Tang (Hall of Edification) with the scripts of literature Ta-Hsueh written on the wall. The three-story Wen-Chang ka is at the northeastern corner of the whole compound. The first floor is square in plan, the second round and the third octagonal. For Wen-Chang and Kuei-Hsing both worshipped there, it was called Kuei-Luo also. People with wish of passing examination worship both of them. Wen-Chang Pavilion as the northern pavilion was built in 1886 and functioned as exhibition hall for Proventia today.
¢xAncient Ming Tombs¢xAn-Ping Settlement¢xArtillery Fortifications¢xBuddhist Monasteries¢xCity God Temple¢xCity Walls & Gates¢xConfucian Temple¢xFamily Shrines¢xForeign Merchant Houses¢xFort Provintia¢xFort Zeelandia¢xHistorical Wells¢xHistorical Western Style Architecture¢xHouses & Gardens¢xKoxinga's Shrine¢xMartial Temples¢xMedical God Temples¢xMemorial Stone Gates¢xPantheon of Universal Deities¢xPresbyterian Architecture¢xTemple of the Five Concubines¢xTemples of Heavenly Holy Mother¢xTemples of Supreme Emperor of Dark Heaven¢xVegetarian Halls¢x